Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia Accepts Certified Questions About Deductibility of Post-Production Expenses and the Viability of Tawney

Energy Alert

(by Timothy Miller, Jennifer Hicks and Katrina Bowers)

The West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals has accepted four questions certified to it by The United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia in Charles Kellam, et al. v. SWN Production Company, LLC, et al., No. 5:20-CV-85. The Court will hear oral argument during the January 2022 term. The Court will address four questions: (1) Is Estate of Tawney v. Columbia Natural Resources, LLC, 219 W.Va. 266, 633 S.E.2d 22 (2006) (Tawney) still good law in West Virginia; (2) What is meant by the “method of calculating” the amount of post-production costs to be deducted; (3) Is a simple listing of the types of costs which may be deducted sufficient to satisfy Tawney; and (4) If post-production costs are to be deducted, are they limited to direct costs or may indirect costs be deducted as well?

At the time of the District Court’s certification in Kellam, defendants’ Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings asserting that the Kellams’ lease complied with Tawney and that the District Court was bound by the decision in Young v. Equinor USA Onshore Properties, Inc., 982 F.3d 201 (4th Cir. 2020) was pending. In Young, the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Judge Bailey and held the lease clearly and unambiguously allowed the deduction of post-production expenses and noted that “Tawney doesn’t demand that an oil and gas lease set out an Einsteinian proof for calculating post-production costs. By its plain language, the case merely requires that an oil and gas lease that expressly allocates some post-production costs to the lessor identify which costs and how much of those costs will be deducted from the lessor’s royalties.” Young, 982 F.3d at 208. Moreover, the 4th Circuit noted recent criticism of Tawney by the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. See Leggett v. EQT Prod. Co., 239 W. Va. 264, 800 S.E.2d 850 (2017).

For more information about the case, contact Tim Miller at 681.265.1361 or, Jennifer Hicks at 681.265.1370 or, or Katrina Bowers at 681.205.8955 or, who are serving as counsel for the defendants in Kellam.

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